open import Cat.Displayed.Cartesian.Right
open import Cat.Displayed.Cartesian
open import Cat.Displayed.Functor
open import Cat.Displayed.Base
open import Cat.Prelude

import Cat.Reasoning

module Cat.Displayed.Instances.Objects
{o ℓ o′ ℓ′} {B : Precategory o ℓ}
(E : Displayed B o′ ℓ′)
where

open Cat.Reasoning B
open Displayed E
open Cartesian-morphism
open Vertical-fibred-functor
open Vertical-functor


# The Fibration of Objects🔗

Let $\mathcal{E} \mathrel{\htmlClass{liesover}{\hspace{1.366em}}} \mathcal{B}$ be a fibration. Its fibration of objects is the wide subcategory spanned by the cartesian morphisms. The idea behind the name is that we’ve kept all the objects in $\mathcal{E}$, but removed all the interesting morphisms: all we’ve kept are the ones that witness changes-of-base.

Objects : Displayed B o′ (o ⊔ ℓ ⊔ o′ ⊔ ℓ′)
Objects .Displayed.Ob[_] x = Ob[ x ]
Objects .Displayed.Hom[_] f x′ y′   = Cartesian-morphism E f x′ y′
Objects .Displayed.Hom[_]-set _ _ _ = Cartesian-morphism-is-set E
Objects .Displayed.id′  = idcart E
Objects .Displayed._∘′_ = _∘cart_ E
Objects .Displayed.idr′ _       = Cartesian-morphism-pathp E (idr′ _)
Objects .Displayed.idl′ _       = Cartesian-morphism-pathp E (idl′ _)
Objects .Displayed.assoc′ _ _ _ = Cartesian-morphism-pathp E (assoc′ _ _ _)


We have an evident forgetful fibred functor from the object fibration back to $\mathcal{E}$.

Objects-forget : Vertical-fibred-functor Objects E
Objects-forget .vert .F₀′ x = x
Objects-forget .vert .F₁′ f′ = f′ .hom′
Objects-forget .vert .F-id′ = refl
Objects-forget .vert .F-∘′ = refl
Objects-forget .F-cartesian f′ _ = f′ .cartesian

private module Objects = Displayed Objects


Since the object fibration only has Cartesian morphisms from $\mathcal{E}$, we can prove that it consists entirely of Cartesian maps. This is not immediate, since to include the “universal” map, we must prove that it too is Cartesian; but that follows from the pasting law for Cartesian squares.

Objects-cartesian
: ∀ {x y x′ y′} {f : Hom x y} (f′ : Cartesian-morphism E f x′ y′)
→ is-cartesian Objects f f′
Objects-cartesian f′ = cart where
open is-cartesian

cart : is-cartesian _ _ _
cart .universal m h′ = cart-paste E f′ h′
cart .commutes m h′ =
Cartesian-morphism-pathp E (f′ .cartesian .commutes m (h′ .hom′))
cart .unique m′ p =
Cartesian-morphism-pathp E (f′ .cartesian .unique (hom′ m′) (ap hom′ p))


If $E$ is a fibration, then its fibration of objects is a a right fibration, by the preceding result. This means the fibres of the object fibration are groupoids.

Objects-fibration : Cartesian-fibration E → Cartesian-fibration Objects
Objects-fibration fib .Cartesian-fibration.has-lift f y′ = cart-lift where
open Cartesian-fibration fib

cart-lift : Cartesian-lift Objects f y′
cart-lift .Cartesian-lift.x′ = has-lift.x′ f y′
cart-lift .Cartesian-lift.lifting .hom′ = has-lift.lifting f y′
cart-lift .Cartesian-lift.lifting .cartesian = has-lift.cartesian f y′
cart-lift .Cartesian-lift.cartesian = Objects-cartesian _

Objects-right-fibration : Cartesian-fibration E → Right-fibration Objects
Objects-right-fibration fib .Right-fibration.is-fibration = Objects-fibration fib
Objects-right-fibration fib .Right-fibration.cartesian = Objects-cartesian


## The core of a fibration🔗

The fibration of objects is the relative analog of the core of a category, sharing its universal property. Rather than a groupoid, suppose we have a right fibration $\mathcal{R}$ and a fibred functor $F : \mathcal{R} \to \mathcal{E}$: to complete the analogy, we show $F$ factors through $\mathcal{E}$’s fibration of objects.

module _
{or ℓr} {R : Displayed B or ℓr}
(R-right : Right-fibration R)
where
private
open Vertical-fibred-functor
module R-right = Right-fibration R-right

  Objects-universal
: (F : Vertical-fibred-functor R E)
→ Vertical-fibred-functor R Objects
Objects-universal F .vert .F₀′ x = F .F₀′ x
Objects-universal F .vert .F₁′ f′ .hom′ = F .F₁′ f′
Objects-universal F .vert .F₁′ f′ .cartesian =
F .F-cartesian f′ (R-right.cartesian f′)
Objects-universal F .vert .F-id′ =
Cartesian-morphism-pathp E (F .F-id′)
Objects-universal F .vert .F-∘′ =
Cartesian-morphism-pathp E (F .F-∘′)
Objects-universal F .F-cartesian f′ cart =
Objects-cartesian _

Objects-factors
: (F : Vertical-fibred-functor R E)
→ F ≡ Objects-forget Vf∘ Objects-universal F
Objects-factors F =
Vertical-fibred-functor-path (λ _ → refl) (λ _ → refl)